Wood is the hard fibrous tissue that forms the main substance of trees and plants. It is an extremely versatile material and is one of the oldest construction materials known to humankind. Many of its structural properties result from the microscopic layout of its cells and cell walls.
Trees are divided into two groups: hardwoods and softwoods. Hardwoods are mainly broad-leaved and deciduous trees, they are found in both temperate and tropical zones. Softwoods are mainly conifers, generally found in the northern hemisphere temperate zone.
The Earth contains about one trillion tonnes of wood, which grows at a rate of 10 billion tonnes per year. It is predominantly used for building construction and furniture.
Properties and qualities
Wood has a range of properties depending on its type. It is generally strong, rough until sanded smooth and pliable. It cannot conduct electricity and is a good thermal insulator for keeping cold in and out. The colour of wood varies depending on the tree. Hardwoods can range from white to red to deep brown or even black. Softwoods are paler in colour, usually white or yellow.
How does it feel?
Wood is a hard material.
Most wood items can be cleaned with a damp cloth. For more specific cleaning instructions, refer to the type of wood. For best results, refer to the care instructions on your wood product.