Iron is a strong hard silvery-grey metal that is derived from iron ore (minerals containing iron that are extracted from under the surface of the earth) through one of several processes. The most common process is the use of a blast furnace to produce an iron alloy of around 96 per cent iron, along with carbon and some other impurities. This is a hard material that is too brittle for most uses, so most iron sourced from the use of a blast furnace is converted into steel by removing some of the carbon.

Properties and qualities

Iron is extremely strong, therefore it has many industrial and commercial uses. It is also shiny, soft, malleable and ductile.

How does it feel?

Iron feels smooth and firm.


Iron wares can be cleaned by wiping down with a sponge soaked in soapy water. For best results, refer to the care instructions on your iron product.